- How Bangladesh bridged the gap between amateur and professional in government procurement
- Public Procurement Transformation in Bangladesh
- Achievement of Value for Money and Enhancement of Efficiency, Economy and Transparency in Procurement - Document Archive System
- End-to-End Procurement Planning and Maintenance System Integrated with Project MIS
- Application of Construction Milestones in Rural Road Contracts of Nepal
- Gross National Happiness Model for Pursuing Sustainable Public Procurement
- Government procurement is the basis of wide opportunities for enterprise development
- The Challenges of Procurement Training in a Fragile Country: the Afghanistan Experience
- When and How to Open Contracts: Transparency and Engagement through World Bank Projects
- Innovations and Best Practices in Procurement Processes of Disaster Recovery Projects
- World Bank Experts Discuss Global Procurement Trends and Armenia's e-GP system with the National Assembly
- Technology driving transparent and accountable public procurement reform in Bangladesh
- Prototype for Implementation of Framework Agreement via Blockchain
- Construction Project Planning and Management Capacity Building in India: A Wholistic Approach to Boost Infrastructure Development
- Zimbabwe: Public Procurement reform to catalyze greater transparency and development
- 15th Procurement, Integrity, Management and Openness (PRIMO) Forum
- e-Procurement World Map
- Preventing and controlling corruption: A modern approach to Procurement
- 6th South Asia Public Procurement Conference held in Thimphu, Bhutan
- South Asia Procurement Innovation Awards 2018 Announced
- Procurement iNET completes 5 years and new CPPP Fastest 100% Challenge Launched
- Risky Business: Does Debarring Poor Performers Mitigate Future Performance Risk?
- Global Procurement Summit 2019, New Delhi, India
- World Bank India launches Survey for International Civil Works Contractors
- World Bank launches new Complaints Module in Systematic Tracking of Exchanges in Procurement (STEP) System
- New Open Contracting Data Standard for e-Procurement Systems Launched
- Bangladesh's success in public procurement: Sustained reform really pays off
- The five drivers for improving public sector performance: Lessons from the new World Bank Global Report
- South Asia Public Procurement Innovation Awards 2018
- Conversation with Khaled Elarbi, President, High Authority for Public Procurement (HAICOP), Tunisia on the Digitalization of Public Procurement
- Breaking the glass ceiling in Africa: Rwanda E-Government Procurement System
- How government e-marketplace is revolutionizing procurement in India
- Ensuring Value for Money in Infrastructure Projects - The Botswana way
- Blockchain Lessons for Procurement
- Botswana’s Benevolent Move to Enhance its Procurement Profession
- Achieving Better Value for Money Using e-Auction for Procurement of Goods by Public Sector - A Success Case from DPDC
- Guide to Project Management and Contract Management (GPMCM) – New Approach to Improve Efficiency and Effectiveness of Procurement Outcomes
- Regional Winners of SAPIA 2017 participate in 8th International Public Procurement Conference (IPPC 8) Arusha, Tanzania
- The Future of Public Procurement in the Era of Digitalization
- World Bank Operations Procurement Helping Turkey to Procure a US$2 Billion Gas Storage Facility
- Unlocking Energy Efficiency Market in India - Through Innovative Procurement Business Model
- Getting value for money: Creating an automated market place for farmers in Pakistan
- Towards a Single Market for Public Procurement in Caribbean Small States
- Web-Based Online Evaluation Tool (e-Tool) for Procurement of Works by Royal Government of Bhutan
- Strengthening Health Sector Procurement System Offer Hopes for Universal Health Coverage in Nepal
- Morocco makes Strides in Modernizing its Public Procurement System— Operationalization of the Procurement Regulatory Body
- Innovations in Procurement Process and Selection that Lead to Improved Outcomes – Tenderers’ Database Management System
- Looking Back and Forward: The World Bank’s Procurement Framework
- Independent Monitoring and Evaluation of Contracted Health Services Leads to Improved Outcomes in Rural Areas of Afghanistan
- Fifth South Asia Region Public Procurement Conference brings focus on Procurement in Public Service Delivery
- 12 Procurement Innovations from South Asian Countries Celebrated
- Social Media is Improving Procurement in Lao PDR
- ASEAN meeting explores ways of professionalizing public procurement to meet development challenges
- Second International Training Program on the World Bank’s New Procurement Framework
- South Asia Procurement Innovations Award 2017 launched with Bigger and Better Prizes
- How to bid, finding opportunities, what makes a successful bid
- Pushing boundaries in procurement framework implementation
- Experience of Developing PPSD for the Assam Agribusiness and Rural Transformation Project (APART), India
- An Electronic Approach: Streamlining Georgia's Procurement
- South Asia Heads of Procurement Knowledge Exchange Program to U.S. Government Procurement Systems started
- 13th Procurement, Integrity, Management and Openness (PRIMO) Forum - a Documentary
- Bangladesh to strengthen public procurement with World Bank supported Project
- Establishment of Technology-Based Health Procurement and Supply Chain Management System, and Capacity Development in Tamil Nadu Medical Services Corporation
- Towards a Single Market for Public Procurement in Caribbean Small States
- Redefining Procurement as an Innovative and Collaborative Centre of Excellence for Best-in-Class Sourcing Solution
- India’s PowerGrid Endorsed for Alternative Procurement Arrangements by the World Bank
- Achieving Value for Money in Indonesia’s Geothermal Project
- Citizen Monitoring of Rural Roads Under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), India
- Establishment of Grant and Service Contract Management Unit (GCMU) to Manage Contracting Out of Health Services in Afghanistan
- Procurement for Regional Development–Public Policy Initiative in Sri Lanka
- PPAF Community-Driven Development (CDD) Procurement Model, Pakistan
- Making Successful Procurement of IT Systems - An Experience from Vietnam
- Procurement Observatories continue to deliver in India
- Implementation of National e-GP System in Nepal
- Government e-Marketplace (GeM), India
- Africa High Level Public Procurement and Electronic Government Procurement Forums
- Development of Procurement Cadre as Part of Holistic Procurement Reforms in Bhutan
- Modernizing Public Procurement in Zimbabwe, one Step at a Time
- Citizen Engagement During Public Procurement Implementation in Bangladesh
- Winter 2017 Virtual Procurement, Integrity, Management, and Openness (PRIMO) Forum on Sanctions and Debarment Systems
- Close and Personalized Procurement Monitoring, Leading to Procurement Efficiency in Irrigation Sector in Fragile and Challenging Environments of Afghanistan
- Procurement Framework 2016 offers wider choices to ‘Go to Market’ based on PPSD
- Procurement Framework 2016 - Benefits, Status of Roll-out and M&E Arrangements
- PPSD offers Fit for Purpose Procurement Solutions
- Global Procurement Summit
- Fourth South Asia Region Public Procurement Conference
- The World Bank e-Procurement Tools
- South Asia Procurement Innovations Awards, 2016
- Learning Videos launched on STEP, online tracking tool on procurement for World Bank Projects
- Open e-Learning is Building a Cadre of Procurement Experts
- South Asia Region Public Procurement Conference, 2017
- Online Certificate Program in Public Procurement in Arabic Launched in Egypt
- First Procurement Knowledge Exchange Forum among ASEAN Countries
- Nobel Prize in Economics for contribution to Theory of Contract
- The Africa Region Harnesses Integrated e-Government Procurement (e-GP) Systems in Pursuit of Transparency and Integrity
- Procurement Reform for Humanitarian and Development Challenges in Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI)
- Successful Procurement is not just a set of Activities, it is a Strategy
- Afghanistan - Trends and Recent Developments in Governance
- PPSD is an Opportunity for clients and staff for Improved Procurement Management
- Procurement Reform Advances in the MENA Region
- Data Analysis and Collaborative Work in Action for Expedited Disbursements in Africa
- Ensuring Good Governance in Procurement in Sri Lanka
- New Procurement System to Improve Development Impact and Transparency in South Asia
- World Bank, USTDA Formalize Procurement Partnership
- How the New Procurement Framework Will Benefit 45.6 Million People in India
- Procuring the Future
- Reasons to Bid, Finding Business Opportunities
- New World Bank Procurement Framework Promotes Strengthened National Procurement Systems
- The readiness for Procurement Framework 2016
- 6 Things to know about New Procurement Framework
Blockchain Lessons for Procurement
In the age of blockchain hype, this is the first story you will hear about failure and lessons learned. A few colleagues and I put together a Trust Fund project to build a Global Public Procurement Database (GPPD). Our idea was simple - to capture all the aggregate information about public procurement at the country level, such as the percentage of public spending per country, the number of bids per tender and statistics on e-procurement implementation (~14,000 data points). Our hope was providing this information would identify best practices and areas of improvement leading to consistent procurement reform globally.
Then along comes blockchain - a distributed digital ledger technology where transactions made in bitcoin or another cryptocurrency are recorded chronologically and publicly. Perhaps blockchain could be used for the global public procurement database?
So, we decided to find out if using blockchain for the database would be a feasible technology solution. Unfortunately, after consulting industry groups and the World Bank's own ITS Technology & Innovation Lab, it turns out that aggregate "macro" data for our database doesn't fit the blockchain paradigm.
Disappointed with this news, we had hoped that by implementing the database using blockchain our project would garner greater visibility and relevance for public procurement.
So, lesson learned. We are now moving forward with the project using a combination of traditional (desk research) an disruptive (Artificial Intelligence) technologies.
This endeavor got us thinking. After all the research and consultations, we learned quite a bit about blockchain. There are many features that we as technology procurement professionals find quite useful.
For one, blockchain provides a form of digital trust. Digital trust, for those unfamiliar with the term, underpins every digital interaction by measuring and quantifying the expectation that an entity is who or what it claims to be and that it will behave in an expected manner. One of the duties of both procurement specialists and contract officers is to provide the fiduciary review of procurement transaction and contract management. This translates to long and tedious reviews of procurement documents and bidder qualifications, which often rely on trust verification. Using blockchain could modernize the review process.
Improved transparency is another blockchain feature. A common complaint among civil society organizations, non-governmental organizations and stakeholders is the lack of public procurement transparency, especially in many of our client countries.
The implications are huge for e-procurement systems, as the best information systems are generally those which are interoperable and integrated with many other systems.
This got us thinking about potential ideas of how blockchain could be used in public procurement where there is so little trust, not a lot of transparency and notably slow procurement transactions.
One of the big issues we face when supporting World Bank-financed projects in client countries is that generally the e-procurement systems do not support bid securities – a financial instrument to insure the contracting authority should a winning bidder not accept the contract. There are ways around using bid securities in e-procurement systems such as bid security declarations and even using credit cards for low-value transactions. Wouldn't it be great to have bid securities in an electronic format which would be included in the electronic bid submission? Blockchain could be used to provide this trust between the commercial bank, the bidder and client country to validate the bid security in an electronic format.
Another idea is to create a global database of vendors which provide qualification information. The United Nations Global Marketplace (ungm.org) provides this functionality for United Nations organizations and agencies. Wouldn't it be great if there was a one-stop shop for validating all vendor qualification information? Having such a feature would streamline the evaluation of the commercial responsiveness. For a hefty fee, large firms such as Dun & Bradstreet already provide such information. Eventually all this commercial information about firms will be publicly available on a blockchain which e-procurement systems can access via smart contracts, which allows for the validation of credible transactions without third parties.
How about e-procurement systems themselves? Every procurement transaction is on a ledger. The distributed nature of blockchain would provide the trust and security which many stakeholders desire. Furthermore, blockchain can streamline the process by integrating with other systems more easily through smart contracts. Furthermore, building e-procurement systems on blockchain would provide the desirable transparency for both CSOs and NGOs.
In summary, there needs to be more research and pilots to better understand where the World Bank and its clients can be fully utilized the benefits of blockchain in procurement.
Have you had other experiences - positive or negative - with blockchain in procurement? Any other ideas of how we could use blockchain in procurement systems?